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Aztec Warrior Scoreboard VideoTop 10 HORRIFYING Facts About AZTEC WARRIORS
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User Ratings. External Reviews. Commoners were used in the Aztec military, to assist in battle, and to carry supplies and weapons for the rest of the troops.
These assistants were known as porters, or tlamemeh. In addition to the normal Aztec priests, there were also religious priests who were also warriors.
Aztec warriors were the lifeblood of the Aztec military, and there was opportunity for growth and status if they had the skill and bravery.
Capturing of sacrificial victims was considered an esteemed achievement among Aztec warriors. These warriors were divided into a number of ranks based on their performance and their units bore unique names.
Aztecs believed that the god of the night sky, Tezcatlipoca, was represented by the symbol of a jaguar.
Based on this, the most accomplished Aztec warriors wore costumes similar to the jaguar skin. They were an elite unit of the Aztec fighting army and were notable for bringing in the largest number of sacrificial captives.
The most important condition for becoming a jaguar warrior was to capture as many as twelve warriors in two consecutive battles.
Eagle warriors were another elite unit of Aztec military, at par in esteem with the jaguar warriors. This kind of warfare was fought by smaller armies after a previous arrangement between the parties involved.
It was not aimed directly at the enemy city-state altepetl but served a number of other purposes. One often cited purpose is the taking of sacrificial captives and this was certainly an important part of most Aztec warfare.
These sources state that Tlacaelel arranged with the leaders of Tlaxcala , Cholula , and Huexotzinco , and Tliliuhquitepec to engage in ritual battles that would provide all parties with enough sacrificial victims to appease the gods.
Ross Hassig however poses four main political purposes of xochiyaoyotl :. Warriors were essential to Aztec life and culture.
At birth, an Aztec boy would receive two symbols of being a warrior. A shield would be placed in his left hand, and an arrow would be placed in his right.
After a short ceremony the newly born boy's umbilical cord, shield, and arrow would be taken to a battlefield to be buried by a renowned warrior.
These parts would symbolize the rise of a warrior. Each shield and arrow would be made specifically for that boy and would resemble his family and the gods.
These birth rituals show the importance of warrior culture to the Aztecs. As for girls, at birth their umbilical cord would be buried usually under the family fireplace, representing the woman's future life to be in the home taking care of household needs.
Since all boys starting at age 15 were trained to become warriors, Aztec society as a whole had no standing army.
Therefore, warriors would be drafted to a campaign through a Tequital a payment of goods and labor enforced by the government. Outside of battle, many warriors were farmers and tradesmen.
They would learn their trade from their father. Warriors would be married by their early twenties and would be a vital part of Aztec daily life.
They would work a certain trade usually passed on through family status. Warriors would be lower class citizens, that when called upon would engage in battle.
Being a warrior did, however, present a way to move up in Aztec society. The warrior's life was a chance to change one's social status.
If they reached the rank of Eagle or Jaguar warrior they would be considered as nobles. They would also become full-time warriors working for the city-state to protect merchants and the city itself.
They resembled the police force of Aztec society. Aztec culture valued appearance, and appearance defined people within society.
Warriors had a very distinct appearance. Their dress would be in relation to their success and triumph on the battlefield.
Gaining ranks as an Aztec warrior was based on how many enemy soldiers that warrior had captured. A warrior who had taken one captive would carry a macuahuitl , and a chimalli without any decorations.
He would also be rewarded with a manta, and an orange cape with a stripe, a carmine-colored loincloth, and a scorpion-knotted designed cape.
Daily, A two-captive warrior would be able to wear sandals on the battlefield. He would also have a feathered warrior suit and a cone-shaped cap.
The feathered suit and the cone-shaped cap appearance are the most common within the Codex Mendoza. A four captive warrior, which would be an eagle or jaguar warrior, would wear an actual jaguar skin over his body with an open slot for the head.
These warriors would have expensive jewelry and weapons. Their hairstyle was also unique to their status. The hair would sit at the top of their head and be parted into two sections with a red cord wrapped around it.
The red cord would also have an ornament of green, blue, and red feathers. The shields were made of wicker wood and leather, so very few survived.
The Aztecs didn't normally maintain tight territorial control within their empire but nonetheless, there are examples of fortifications built by the Aztecs.
The latter is where Ahuitzotl built garrisons and fortifications to keep watch over the Matlatzinca , Mazahua and Otomies and to always have troops close to the enemy Tarascan state - the borders with which were also guarded and at least partly fortified on both sides.
The Aztec army was organized into two groups. The nobles were organized into professional warrior societies. The Tlacochcalcatl and Tlacateccatl also had to name successors prior to any battle so that if they died they could be immediately replaced.
Priests also took part in warfare, carrying the effigies of deities into battle alongside the armies. The army also had boys about the age of twelve along with them serving as porters and messengers; this was mainly for training measures.
The adjacent image shows the Tlacateccatl and the Tlacochcalcatl and two other officers probably priests known as Huitznahuatl and Ticocyahuacatl , all dressed in their tlahuiztli suits.
The formal education of the Aztecs was to train and teach young boys how to function in their society, particularly as warriors.
The Aztecs had a relatively small standing army. Only the elite soldiers, part of the warrior societies such as the Jaguar Knights , and the soldiers stationed at the few Aztec fortifications were full-time.
While these two ranks were equal, the Eagle knights worshipped Huitzilopochtli, the war god and the Jaguars worshipped Tezcatlipocha.
The two highest military societies were the Otomies and the Shorn Ones. Otomies took their name from fierce tribe of fighters.
The Shorn Ones was the most prestigious rank. They shaved their heads except for a long braid of hair on the left side and wore yellow tlahuiztli.
These two ranks were the shock troops of the empire, the special forces of the Aztec army, and were open only to the nobility.